Chinese Adoption
Birthparents, call 877-236-7897 A Fully Licensed Non-Profit Adoption Agency in PA DE NJ and NY serving Adoptive Families in Domestic and International Adoptions and Birth Parents Nationwide

Most Common Diagnoses in Special Needs Children Waiting for Adoption from China

Below are some of the most common diagnoses and a description of each.

Cleft Lip: A cleft lip is a condition that creates an opening in the upper lip between the mouth and nose. It looks as though there is a split in the lip. It can range from a slight notch in the top lip to complete separation in one or both sides of the lip extending up and into the nose. A cleft on one side is called a unilateral cleft. If a cleft occurs on both sides it is called a bilateral cleft.

Cleft Palate: A cleft palate occurs when the roof of the mouth has not joined completely. The back of the palate (towards the throat) is called the soft palate and the front (towards the mouth) is known as the hard palate. A cleft palate can range from just an opening at the back of the soft palate to a nearly complete separation of the roof of the mouth (soft and hard palate). Cleft lip and cleft palate are correctable birth defects.

Club Foot: Clubfoot is a genetic condition that is twice as likely to be seen in boys as girls. The deformity can be mild or severe and it can affect one foot or both feet. These deformities are caused by the position of the foot in the womb and are usually corrected with minimal intervention. In the infant, clubfoot itself is not painful. The heel of the foot turns inward, the foot and toes point down and curve inward. There may be creases above the heel and in the middle bottom portion of the foot. The bones are abnormally shaped and the tendons, muscles, and ligaments are tight. Treatments include casting or possible surgery.

Minor Heart Defects: A congenital heart defect is a heart deformity present at birth, such as a hole between heart chambers or a narrowed valve. Depending upon severity, a congenital heart defect can make it harder for the heart to pump and deliver oxygen-rich blood to the body. With time, the heart can weaken and symptoms may develop. The majority of patients with heart defects have no symptoms and do not require treatment. It is estimated that about 25% of heart defects present in infancy require medical treatment or surgery.

Missing Limbs: An estimated 1 in 2000 babies are born with all or part of a limb missing, ranging from a missing part of a finger to the absence of both arms and both legs. The exact cause of congenital amputations is unknown. However, most birth defects have one or more genetic factors and one or more environmental factors. The accepted method of treatment is to fit the child early with a functional prosthesis because this leads to normal development and less wasting away (atrophy) of the muscles of the limbs present.

Birthmarks: About one in every three infants has some type of a birthmark. Twice as many girls as boys have birthmarks. Many of these birthmarks do go away but, of course, some do not and may continue to grow in size. For appearance or cosmetic reasons, medical treatment may be necessary if the birthmark does not go away by itself. Birthmarks are basically an overgrowth of blood vessel tissue in a specific area on the body. It is not completely known why blood vessels grow too much in one particular area of the body but it does occur during the prenatal development.

Call Us Toll Free: (877)236-7897